The standing committee of the National People's Congress heard and deliberated reports on the state of the environment and the a
The 12th session of the standing committee of the National People's Congress held in today's 27th meeting, in accordance with the requirements for the environmental protection act, environment minister ji-ning Chen entrusted by the state council, the 2016 annual environmental conditions and environmental protection goal as soon as the situation and research deal with the environmental protection law enforcement inspection report and the review opinions.
Chen jining pointed out in his report that in 2016, all regions and departments concerned earnestly implemented the decisions and arrangements made by the CPC central committee and the state council, with improving environmental quality as the core, and made solid progress in environmental protection.
In terms of air quality, the country's air quality has generally improved, and pollution has worsened in some periods. In China, 84 cities at or above the prefecture level met the standards, an increase of 11. The proportion of good days was 78.8%, an increase of 2.1 percentage points; Heavy pollution days accounted for 2.6 percent, down 0.6 percentage points. PM2.5 concentrations in the beijing-tianjin-hebei region, the Yangtze river delta region and the pearl river delta region dropped 7.8 percent, 13.2 percent and 5.9 percent year on year, respectively. But at the same time, the proportion of good days in henan, Beijing, hebei and shandong is less than 60%. During the heating period in the beijing-tianjin-hebei region, PM2.5 concentration was 2.4 times that in the non-heating period. Ozone pollution problem emerged, the average concentration of O3 increased, and became the primary pollutant affecting air quality from may to September.
Water environment quality, good water quality section, worse Ⅴ water fell slightly. The state-controlled section Ⅰ ~ Ⅲ water surface water 67.8%, year-on-year increase of 1.8%; Worse Ⅴ the water quality was 8.6%, down 1.1% year on year. However, the improvement of water quality is unbalanced and some water bodies tend to deteriorate. The problem of total phosphorus pollution becomes more and more prominent and becomes the primary pollutant that affects the surface water quality from September to December.
In terms of soil environmental status, the soil environmental quality of agricultural land is not optimistic, and industrial and mining enterprises and their surrounding soil environmental problems are prominent. Heavy metal and organic pollutants emissions continue to accumulate, fertilizer and other use, soil environmental protection pressure is still great.
In terms of ecosystem status, the 2016 evaluation shows that the country as a whole is "general". Some regions have suffered serious damage to ecological resources and encroached on ecological space, and the system protection needs to be further strengthened.Quantitative targets for environmental protection have been exceeded.
Emissions of four major pollutants in China fell 2.6 percent, 2.9 percent, 5.6 percent and 4.0 percent year on year in 2016, Chen said in the report.
Environmental legislation and supervision and law enforcement were further strengthened. The ministry of environmental protection has held open talks with seven leading municipal government officials. The number of administrative penalty decisions and fines issued by environmental protection departments at all levels increased by 28% and 56% year on year respectively. The number of cases in five categories, including daily penalties, rose 93 percent year on year. We investigated 647,000 illegal environmental protection construction projects, 95.5 percent of which were cleaned up and rectified.
Reform in the field of ecological and environmental protection was further deepened. Completed 16 provinces (districts, cities) central environmental protection supervision. Hebei and chongqing took the lead in carrying out a pilot project to reform the vertical management system, and 31 provinces (regions and cities) have started to demarcate red lines for ecological protection. The implementation plan for the pollutant emission control permit system was issued and implemented. Trials to reform the compensation system for ecological and environmental damage were carried out in seven provinces (municipalities).
Progress was made in the three major campaigns against pollution. We will thoroughly implement the tenth national air pollution control plan. We will improve and adjust the energy mix, replace coal with electricity and gas, and accelerate the elimination of small coal-fired boilers. About half of China's coal-fired power plants have completed ultra-low emission transformation. We will implement actions to cut volatile organic compounds in 11 key industries. We will issue emission standards for light vehicles in the sixth stage and engines in ships in the first and second stages. National comprehensive suppliers of five standard clean oil products. We will promote the construction of Marine emission control zones. The beijing-tianjin-hebei region and surrounding areas have coordinated efforts to strengthen air pollution control measures.
Fully implement the "water ten". To compile the ecological and environmental protection plan for the Yangtze river economic belt. To organize the assessment of urban centralized water sources and the sampling survey of rural water sources. We formulated plans to strengthen prevention and control of groundwater pollution and implemented national groundwater monitoring projects. A total of 1,285 black and smelly water improvement projects have been started in cities at or above the prefecture level. We will launch a dual action to control the total and intensity of water resources consumption.
To organize and implement the "soil article 10". Thirty-one provinces (districts and municipalities) have formulated work plans and 13 departments have formulated implementation plans. Measures for the administration of the soil environment on contaminated land plots were promulgated. We will promote the construction of pilot areas for comprehensive prevention and control of soil pollution, and organize and implement pilot projects for the control and restoration of soil pollution. We will strengthen comprehensive control of heavy metal pollution in key areas. We will carry out monitoring of soil heavy metal pollution in agricultural production areas, and study and establish a hierarchical management system for agricultural production areas.
The environmental protection system was further improved. We made solid progress in supply-side structural reform, and cut steel production capacity by more than 65 million tons and coal production capacity by more than 290 million tons. We will expand the scope of key national ecological functional zones and strictly implement a negative list system for industrial access. To realize the provincial and municipal environmental protection departments eia approval information weekly online submission. All 358 eia agencies in China's environmental protection system have decoupled.
Ecological and rural environmental protection was further strengthened. The state council approved the establishment of 18 new and readjustment of 5 national nature reserves. Remote sensing monitoring was carried out in 446 national nature reserves. We will promote the implementation of major projects to protect biological diversity, and launch the first pilot projects to protect and restore the ecology of mountains, rivers, forests, fields and lakes. We will promote Marine ecological restoration. The central government allocated 6 billion yuan to promote comprehensive improvement of the rural environment.
Nuclear and radiation safety regulations were further tightened. China's nuclear facilities have maintained sound and safe operation performance, with 35 nuclear power units in operation and 19 civilian research reactors in good and safe operation performance, and 21 nuclear power units under construction under quality control. The quality of radiation environment is kept good.
Safeguards were further strengthened. The state council has issued the 13th five-year plan for ecological and environmental protection. The central government allocated 34.3 billion yuan for the prevention and control of air, water and soil pollution. We gave full play to the leading role of PPP demonstration projects, and invested more than 650 billion yuan in warehousing projects in the field of ecological and environmental protection. We will promote major scientific and technological projects to control and control water pollution, and organize and implement key research projects such as the study on the causes of and control of air pollution. We promoted the construction of ecological and environmental big data projects, and made positive progress in the integration and application of data resources.
On the "environmental protection law" enforcement inspection report and review of opinions on the handling of Chen jining in the report on the ministry of environmental protection research and handling of the "environmental protection law" enforcement inspection report and review of opinions on the situation.
On the implementation of environmental protection responsibilities. Chen jining said that in the implementation of local responsibility, the central environmental protection supervision, 21 provinces (districts, cities) have introduced the responsibility system for environmental protection, 24 provinces (districts, cities) issued rules for the implementation of the responsibility of leading cadres for ecological damage. The ministry of environmental protection has supervised and handled 27 cases of major environmental violations in implementing the main responsibility of enterprises for environmental protection. We will introduce guidelines for strengthening the construction of an enterprise's environmental credit system. We formulated the interim regulations on the administration of pollutant discharge licenses and released to the public a list of key enterprises under state supervision that have seriously exceeded the standards. The supreme people's court, the supreme people's procuratorate, the ministry of public security and the ministry of environmental protection jointly formulated and implemented the measures for linking administrative enforcement of environmental protection with criminal justice.
In further implementing the legal system, Chen emphasized that one is to promote the disclosure of environmental information. Strengthening information disclosure in key areas such as environmental quality; We promoted the development of an enterprise information disclosure platform, and the rate of self-monitoring information disclosure by key state monitoring enterprises reached more than 90 percent. Second, improve environmental monitoring networks. We completed the task of collecting power from 1,436 monitoring stations of state control over environmental and air quality. Realize the networking of air quality monitoring stations in three key regions, counties and districts; To establish a national surface water monitoring network and a multilevel Marine monitoring system; A national soil environment monitoring network was initially established. Third, improve the online monitoring system. Fourth, improve the ecological protection compensation mechanism. Financial transfer payments for key ecological functional zones reached 57 billion yuan.
In addressing prominent environmental problems, Chen emphasized that the first is to strengthen winter air pollution control in northern China, the second is to strengthen the safety of drinking water, and the third is to speed up the construction of sewage treatment facilities. At the same time, he stressed to further promote the disposal of household waste, strengthen the prevention and control of pollution from livestock and poultry breeding, and do a good job in the management of solid waste and hazardous waste.
On improving the capacity of environmental supervision and law enforcement, Chen said that one is to promote the reform of the environmental supervision and law enforcement system. In combination with the pilot reform of the vertical management system below the provincial level, environmental law enforcement agencies were given conditions and means according to law to carry out on-site inspection, administrative penalty and administrative compulsion, and were included in the sequence of government administrative law enforcement departments. Second, we will strengthen standardization of environmental monitoring and law enforcement. To organize and carry out environmental law enforcement training activities. We will accelerate efforts to standardize environmental monitoring. Third, we will strengthen the building of professional forces to combat environmental pollution crimes. Environmental police teams have been set up in Beijing, shaanxi and other provinces and cities.
Regarding the improvement of relevant laws and policies, Chen said that one is to promote the revision of laws and regulations, the other is to issue supporting documents of the environmental protection law, the third is to actively develop the environmental protection industry, and the fourth is to explore market-oriented mechanisms for the governance and protection of the environment.
He also stressed the need to create a good environment for environmental protection. First, strengthen publicity and public opinion guidance. The ministry of environmental protection has launched its official microblog WeChat account. We will establish a regular press release system to actively respond to public opinion and social hotspots. Regularly report environmental law enforcement and typical cases. Second, actively promote public participation. We will implement the measures on public participation in environmental protection. Environmental protection departments at all levels across the country received more than 63,000 environmental protection WeChat reports, nearly 60,000 of which were handled.
Chen said that the university of political science and law of China recently completed the "evaluation of the implementation effect of the new environmental protection law" that since the new law came into force two years ago, local party and government leaders have attached unprecedented importance to environmental protection work, environmental supervision and law enforcement have been significantly strengthened, and the atmosphere of people from all walks of life paying attention to and participating in environmental protection has been significantly improved. The implementation, compliance and impact of various systems and measures of the new environmental protection law have been greatly enhanced compared with those before the revision.
Next, we will focus on six areas of work.Regarding the focus of the next step, Chen said that the current situation of environmental pollution in China is still serious, there is still a big gap between environmental quality and people's expectations, and environmental protection is still in a critical period to make up for the shortage. According to the requirements of the government work report in 2017, the environmental protection work main aim is to: regional and above 79% city fine days, concentration of PM2.5 falls below ground level and above cities fell by 3%, the surface water at or better than Ⅲ class water ratio reached 68.3%, worse Ⅴ water proportion fell to 8.4%, the four main pollutant emissions reduced by 2%, 2%, 3% and 3% respectively compared to the same. Therefore, we should focus on the following work:
First, we must resolutely control air, water and soil pollution. We will fully implement the 13th five-year plan for ecological and environmental protection and thoroughly implement the action plan for preventing and controlling air, water and soil pollution.
We will resolutely defend the blue sky. We will focus on solving the problem of coal pollution, especially the problem of loose coal used for heating in winter in northern China. We will carry out special rectification work in key industries to protect the environment and resolutely ban enterprises that cause "indiscriminate pollution" in accordance with the law. We will promote industrial restructuring. We will deepen pollution control of motor vehicles, basically eliminate the yellow standard vehicles, speed up the elimination of outdated motor vehicles, encourage the use of clean energy vehicles, and promote the use of gasoline and diesel engines of the six national standards. We will strengthen the response to heavy pollution in the weather, ensure joint prevention and control of air pollution, increase production in key heating industries at different peaks in the heating season, and guide and urge all localities to improve and strictly implement emergency plans for heavy pollution in the weather. The formation mechanism of heavy pollution weather was thoroughly studied.
We will deepen efforts to control water pollution. To promulgates and implement plans for the prevention and control of water pollution in key river basins. We will improve the mechanism for joint prevention, control and prevention of water pollution. We will ensure the safety of drinking water, strengthen the standardization of drinking water sources, and continue to monitor drinking water hygiene. We will protect water bodies, prevent and control groundwater pollution, and treat black and smelly water bodies in cities. We will deepen efforts to improve the environment in rural areas. We will urge all localities to complete the delimitation of areas where livestock and poultry farming is prohibited and continue to set up standardized demonstration programs for livestock and poultry farming. We will effectively strengthen environmental governance in the bohai sea region.
We will comprehensively control soil pollution. To study and formulate detailed rules for the assessment of "soil article 10" and sign target responsibility letters with provinces (districts and cities). We will carry out a detailed survey of soil pollution throughout the country. We will improve the system of laws and standards for preventing and controlling soil pollution. We will promote the development of pilot projects for the application of governance and restoration technologies and pilot zones for comprehensive prevention and control. To guide and urge key areas for prevention and control of heavy metal pollution to formulate comprehensive treatment plans. We will deepen reform of the system for examining and approving the import of solid waste. Complete the first batch of priority control chemicals list.
Second, we need to deepen and implement reform in the field of ecological and environmental protection. We will ensure full coverage of central environmental protection inspectors. We will steadily carry out trials to reform the vertical management system below the provincial level. We will actively promote the delimitation and strict observance of red lines for ecological protection. We will complete the issuance of pollutant discharge licenses for key industries and industries with excess production capacity, and establish a national information platform for the management of pollutant discharge licenses. We will deepen reform of environmental monitoring and resolutely punish data fraud. We will promote trials of trans-regional environmental protection agencies, and carry out trials of setting up environmental supervision and administrative law enforcement agencies by river basin. We will fully implement the river length system. We will formulate a system for compensating ecological and environmental damage. We will promote the development of a green financial system and make preparations for the collection of environmental protection taxes.
Third, we will strengthen the rule of law in the environment. We will promote the formulation and revision of laws and regulations on the prevention and control of water pollution. We will continue to carry out the annual activities for the implementation of the environmental protection law, strengthen the linkage between environmental administrative law enforcement and criminal justice, and intensify the investigation and handling of major environmental violations. We will implement a plan to fully meet discharge standards for industrial pollution sources, meet the standards within a specified time limit, and close them down within the time limit in accordance with the law. Implement 24-hour online monitoring of all major pollution sources.
Fourth, we need to promote a green way of production and living. We will promote the implementation of strategic and planning eia and strengthen the management of project eia. We will carry out major ecological projects to protect biological diversity and natural forest resources, and launch the second batch of pilot projects to protect and restore the ecology of mountains, rivers, forests, fields and lakes in due course. We will promote green transformation of traditional manufacturing, pull out outdated production capacity, and energetically develop energy conservation and environmental protection industries. Reduce waste of water, wind and light, and promote the development of clean energy. We will encourage key cities to implement mandatory garbage classification. Strengthen environmental protection publicity.
Fifth, we should actively respond to environmental risks. We will improve the system for preventing and mitigating environmental and social risks. We will strengthen the screening of potential environmental safety hazards, promote the establishment of a pilot environmental risk early warning system, and carry out emergency management of drinking water sources. We will strengthen oversight of nuclear and radiation safety. We will handle and respond to environmental emergencies.
Sixth, we need to constantly improve our basic capacity for environmental protection. Implement the ecological environment big data construction project. We will improve the system of environmental standards and technical policies. We will increase disclosure of environmental information. We will tackle key technologies in pollution control and other areas. We will carefully prepare for the second nationwide survey of pollution sources. We will launch the year for improving environmental protection capabilities and strengthen the building of a contingent of talented environmental officials.